Clinical Diagnostics

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are infections that people can get by having sex with someone who is infected. There are many different kinds of STIs. You may have heard of Chlamydia, herpes, HPV, syphilis and gonorrhea. There are many other kinds as well. STIs are much more common than you think. Anyone who has sex can get an STI, and it can be transmitted through vaginal, anal or oral sex.


Common STI symptoms include sores on the genitals, discharge, itching, a burning sensation during urination, dark or smelly urine, strange rashes or spots on your body, bumps, blisters, warts, or lesions on the genitals, unusual odors, and white spots in your pubic hair.


Remember: Many STIs do not show symptoms. STIs can make you unable to have children, cause birth defects or diseases in babies. Some STIs are painful. A few can even kill you.


Most sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) syphilis, gonorrhea, or Chlamydia are curable if detected early, although some like HIV and herpes are not, and can only be managed, and NOT curable.

Available Tests
Sexually Transmitted Infections Panel
Documents
Info Sheet  Requisition Form 
Test Information
Organism List: Chlamydia trachomatis, Haemophilus ducreyi, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum, Mycoplasma genitalium
 
Clinical Utility: Retrogen's Sexually Transmitted Infections Program utilizes Thermo-Fisher's patented TaqMan technology, providing accurate diagnostic testing to identify and discriminate among 5 pathogens known to be responsible for Sexually Transmitted Infections. The program only requires a single, non-invasive sample collection, has very short turnaround time and provides your referring physician a detailed, comprehensive report that leads to actionable decisions and forward treatment options.
 
Method: Retrogen's Laboratory methodology uses the TaqMan® genotyping assay with PCR and allelic specific primer extension (ARMS) to identify the pathogens present in vaginal swabs.
Ordering
Test ID: #8005
Turn-around Time: 24-48 hours
Preferred Specimen: Vaginal swab
Billing
CPT Codes: 87491, 87591
Billing Information: View Billing Information
Web Resources
  1. Mayo Clinic Staff (Updated 2012 February 25). Vagina: What's normal, what's not.
    http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vagina/MY01913/METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed March 2013.
  2. Gore, H. (Updated 2011 October 27). Vaginitis.
    http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/257141-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com.
  3. Samra-Latif, O. (Updated 2012 January 13). Vulvovaginitis.
    http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/270872-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2013.
  4. Leber, M. and Tirumani, A. (Updated 2012 April 16). Vulvovaginitis in Emergency Medicine.
    http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/797497-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2013.
  5. CDC.
    Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. MMWR Recomm Rep 2010(https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5912a1.htm);59(No. RR-12).
References
  1. Amsel R, Totten PA, Spiegel CA, et al. Nonspecific vaginitis: Diagnostic criteria and microbial and epidemiologic associations. Am J Med 74(1):14-22, 1983.
  2. Verstraelen H, Verhelsy R. Bacterial vaginosis: An update on diagnosis and treatment. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 7(9):1109-1124, 2009.
  3. Spiegel C, Amsel R, Holmes K. Diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis by direct gram stain of vaginal fluid. J. Clin. Microbiol. July 1983 vol. 18 no. 1, 170-177.
  4. Workowski, KA; Berman, S; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC) (17 December 2010). "Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2010." MMWR. Recommendations and reports : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. Recommendations and reports / Centers for Disease Control. 59 (RR-12): 1-110.
  5. Warner L, Klausner JD, Rietmeijer CA, et al. Effect of a brief video intervention on incident infection among patients attending sexually transmitted disease clinics. PLoS Med 2008;5:919-27.
  6. Clement, Meredith E.; Okeke, N. Lance; Hicks, Charles B. (2014). "Treatment of Syphilis". JAMA. 312 (18): 1905.